By Aristophanes; S. Douglas Olson (ed.)
Aristophanes' Acharnians used to be played on the Lenaia pageant in Athens in 425 BCE. The play is the tale of an previous peasant farmer, Dikaiopolis, who has grown so disgusted with the Peloponnesian battle and the patent self-serving of the city's major politicians (abetted by way of the stupidity of his fellow-citizens) that he concludes a separate peace with the enemy. accordingly, he earnings entry to a huge offer of amazing issues, together with wine, eels, thrushes, and 2 attractive and compliant girls. no matter if he's a traitor and a villain, or just the cleverest and such a lot bold guy within the urban, is an issue of in depth debate in the play. Acharnians itself, at any fee, took first position and is mostly considered as certainly one of Aristophanes' or 3 so much fantastic surviving comedies. Olson bargains the 1st entire new scholarly variation of the play in nearly a century. The textual content and gear are in response to a clean exam of the papyri and manuscripts, lots of that have by no means been studied systematically, and are supported by means of a brand new manuscript stemma. The creation comprises sections at the poet himself; the historic atmosphere and political argument of the play; the mythological and literary heritage; department of components, costumes, and props; staging; using dialects; and the historical past of the textual content. The remark covers quite a lot of literary, historic, and philological concerns, with specific consciousness to staging and information of way of life. All Greek within the creation and statement no longer stated for technical purposes is translated, making a lot of the version available to basic scholarly readers.
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Extra resources for Aristophanes: Acharnians (Text and Commentary)
His basic thrust is none the less quite clear and accords precisely with what has been seen on stage up to this point: the war has nothing to do with the needs or aspirations of average citizens, but has been brought about by the self-serving behaviour of a few bad but influential individuals abetted by a general local obtuseness. The Spartans and their allies have only reacted reasonably to an endless series of Athenian provocations (esp. 540-56), and the fact that the annual Peloponnesian invasions of Attika have done average citizens a great deal of painful damage is thus true but beside the point.
More important, the hero's decision to turn his back on his fellowcitizens when he fails to stir the Assembly out of its torpor amounts to a none too subtle threat from 'the poet' himself. Up to this point, he has (like his hero) been a committed citizen, who has run great risks to serve Athens as best he can by alerting the people to what is being done to them under the guise of a democracy. e. if charges of the sort Kleon has made are going to be taken seriously), he may as well stop behav ing so recklessly.
Fr. 704), 440-1 ( - E . fr. 698), and 446 ( - E . fr. 36 4. Once he has put on his beggars' rags, Dikaiopolis makes a long speech in defence of the Spartans, which begins and ends with quotations from the Euripidean Telephos' speech in defence of the Mysians (497-8~ E. fr. 703; 5 5 5 - 6 - E . fr. 710) and contains a number of additional verbal allusions to it (540 = E. fr. 708; 541 ~ E . fr. 708a Kannicht; 543 = E. fr. 709). 5. After he completes this speech, Dikaiopolis is assailed as a slanderer of the city (577 ~ E.