By David Mecerreyes
This publication summarizes the newest wisdom within the technological know-how and know-how of ionic beverages and polymers in several parts. Ionic drinks (IL) are actively being investigated in polymer technology and expertise for a few assorted functions. within the first a part of the ebook the authors current the actual houses of ionic beverages as speciality solvents. The state-of-the artwork within the use of ionic drinks in polymer synthesis and amendment reactions together with polymer recycling is printed. the second one half specializes in using ionic drinks as speciality ingredients reminiscent of plasticizers or antistatic brokers. The 3rd half examines using ionic beverages within the layout of sensible polymers (usually referred to as polymeric ionic beverages (PIL) or poly(ionic liquids)). Many vital purposes in varied clinical and business parts depend on those polymers, like polymer electrolytes in electrochemical units, development blocks in fabrics technological know-how, nanocomposites, gasoline membranes, cutting edge anion delicate fabrics, shrewdpermanent surfaces, and a numerous set variety of rising purposes in several fields reminiscent of strength, optoelectronics, analytical chemistry, biotechnology, nanomedicine or catalysis.
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Extra info for Applications of Ionic Liquids in Polymer Science and Technology
29 Choline Chloride p -Toluene Sulfonic Acid Furfuryl alcohol a c b d Fig. 4 Scheme representing the catalytic condensation of furfuryl alcohol by the eutectic mixture of p-toluene sulfonic acid and ChCl for the formation, after carbonization, of carboncarbon nanotube composites. SEM (a, c and d; scale bars: 5, 1 and 1 um, respectively) and TEM (b, scale bar: 50 nm) micrographs show the hierarchical structure of the resulting monoliths (Adapted with permission from Ref. ) 30 D. Carriazo et al.
Jiang Z, Carrol B, Abraham KM (1997) Studies of some poly(vinylidene fluoride) electrolytes. Electrochim Acta 42:2667–2677 74. Susan MABH, Kaneko T, Noda A, Watanabe M (2005) Ion gels prepared by in situ radical polymerization of vinyl monomers in an ionic liquid and their characterization as polymer electrolytes. J Am Chem Soc 127:4976–4983 75. Singh B, Sekhon SS (2005) Polymer electrolytes based on room temperature ionic liquid: 2, 3-Dimethyl-1-octylimidazolium triflate. J Phys Chem B 109:16539–16543 76.
5 2 Vol. Ads. (mmol/g) Fig. 12 CO2 (blue), N2 (red), and CH4 (green) adsorption isotherms at 298 K of carbon monoliths prepared from resorcinol, 4-hexylresorcinol, and tetraethylammonium bromide (Adapted with permission from Ref. ) D. Carriazo et al. , using aqueous solutions). The use of 4-hexylresorcinol was by no means a trivial issue because it played a capital role in the formation of the particularly narrow microporosity that, ultimately, characterized the resulting carbons. This feature was actually confirmed upon the analysis of the textural properties by nitrogen adsorption–desorption isotherms at 77 K.