By Jorge J. E. Gracia
This is often the 1st complete and systematic conception of textuality that takes under consideration the correct perspectives of either analytic and Continental thinkers and in addition of significant historic figures. the writer indicates that the majority of the confusion surrounding textuality is the results of 3 components: a too-narrow knowing of the class; a scarcity of a formal contrast between logical, epistemological, and metaphysical concerns; and a scarcity of right grounding of epistemological and metaphysical questions about logical analyses. the writer starts with a logical research of the idea of textual content leading to a definition that serves because the foundation for the differences he for this reason attracts among texts at the one hand and language, artifacts, and paintings items at the different; and for the category of texts in accordance with their modality and serve as. the second one a part of the publication makes use of the conclusions of the 1st half to unravel a few of the epistemological concerns which were raised approximately texts by way of philosophers of language, semioticians, hermeneuticists, literary critics, semanticists, aestheticians, and historiographers.
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In these cases, the circle taken by itself is a mere object of perception, but the circle used as a letter or a secret signal is something else. The identity conditions for the circle and the identity conditions for the circle considered as a letter, say, are quite different. Of course, the relationship between the two is quite close, ontologically speaking. If the circle is destroyed, the letter is destroyed, and if the letter is destroyed the circle is destroyed. Indeed, if one were to ask how many things one sees when looking at the circle and the letter, it would be incorrect to answer that one sees two things.
The Roman Empire? A particular set of events through which the Roman Empire passed? Gibbon's view of the history of the decline and fall of the Roman Empire? Obviously, the answer is not clear. And the case of the texts of fictional works, such as Cervantes's Don Quijote, pose special problems, because the characters dealt with in these texts never existed. None of these difficulties, however, have deterred < previous page page_15 If you like this book, buy it! next page > < previous page page_16 next page > Page 16 proponents of this view from defending it, for they have found ways to get around these problems, although not to the satisfaction of their critics.
This written text is constituted by the semantically significant marks which are actually made on the paper; the text is the actual picture given there, composed of ink marks drawn and arranged in a certain way to convey some specific meaning. But the meaning of that text is something that is neither material nor composed of marks made by ink on that particular page. Indeed, the meaning of texts 15 is the same. Thus, sameness of meaning cannot < previous page page_14 If you like this book, buy it!