By U.S. Department of Transportation
This advisor used to be constructed together by means of the USA division of Transportation, delivery Canada, and the Secretariat of Communications and Transportation of Mexico (SCT) to be used through firefighters, police, and different emergency prone body of workers who could be the first to reach on the scene of a transportation incident regarding a unsafe fabric. it's basically a advisor to help first responders in (1) quick determining the categorical or prevalent class of the material(s) all in favour of the incident, and (2) keeping themselves and most people in this preliminary reaction part of the incident. The ERG is up to date each 3 to 4 years to house new items and know-how.
desk of Contents
how you can Use This Guidebook
desk of Placards and preliminary reaction courses to take advantage of On-Scene
Numerical Index of harmful items
Alphabetical Index of risky items
security advice courses
desk of preliminary Isolation and protecting motion Distances
desk of Water-Reactive fabrics Which Produce poisonous Gases
hearth and Spill keep an eye on
Criminal/Terrorist Use of Chemical/Biological brokers
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Additional resources for 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook
May form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors from liquefied gas are initially heavier than air and spread along ground. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Some of these materials may react violently with water. Cylinders exposed to fire may vent and release flammable gas through pressure relief devices. • Containers may explode when heated. • Ruptured cylinders may rocket. HEALTH • • • • • May cause toxic effects if inhaled. Vapors are extremely irritating. Contact with gas or liquefied gas may cause burns, severe injury and/or frostbite.
Stop all traffic and clear the area for at least 1600 meters (1 mile) in all directions and let burn. • Do not move cargo or vehicle if cargo has been exposed to heat. TIRE or VEHICLE Fires • Use plenty of water - FLOOD it! If water is not available, use CO 2 , dry chemical or dirt. • If possible, and WITHOUT RISK, use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles from maximum distance to prevent fire from spreading to cargo area. • Pay special attention to tire fires as re-ignition may occur. Stand by with extinguisher ready.
ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire. SPILL OR LEAK • Do not touch or walk through spilled material. • Stop leak if you can do it without risk. • Use water spray to reduce vapors or divert vapor cloud drift. Avoid allowing water runoff to contact spilled material. • Do not direct water at spill or source of leak. • If possible, turn leaking containers so that gas escapes rather than liquid. • Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas. • Allow substance to evaporate.